Catching coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) is an exhilarating experience for anglers who enjoy both the thrill of the chase and the satisfaction of landing a prized fish. Known for their incredible strength and acrobatics when hooked, coho salmon are a favorite target for many fishermen and women, making them a sought-after species in both freshwater and saltwater environments.
Coho salmon have a distinctive silvery appearance, which gives them their nickname “silver salmon.” They are an anadromous species, meaning they are born in freshwater streams and rivers, migrate to the ocean to mature, and then return to their natal waters to spawn. This lifecycle presents anglers with opportunities to catch coho salmon at various stages of their journey.
How to catch Coho Salmon
Equipment and Gear:
A medium to medium-heavy spinning or casting rod and reel combo will work well. Make sure your reel is equipped with a smooth drag system. Use a strong fishing line in the 10-20 lb test range, depending on the size of the salmon in your area.
Lures and Bait:
Coho salmon are known to strike at a variety of lures, including spoons, spinners, jigs, and plugs. Experiment with different colors and sizes to see what works best on a given day. If allowed by local regulations, you can use bait such as cured salmon eggs, sand shrimp, or herring. Make sure to rig them properly for the best presentation.
Coho salmon are typically found in coastal areas and rivers that connect
to the ocean. Look for rivers and streams that have a healthy
population of coho salmon during their migration periods.
Coho salmon runs usually occur during specific seasons, which vary depending on the location. Research the best time to catch coho salmon in the area you plan to fish. These salmon are more active during overcast or cloudy days, as bright sunlight can make them less likely to strike. Additionally, pay attention to the water temperature and current conditions, as these can affect their behavior.
Coho salmon can be found at various depths and distances from the shore. Practice your casting to reach different areas of the water, from shallow to deeper sections. If you’re fishing from a riverbank, consider drift fishing. This involves casting your lure or bait upstream and allowing it to drift naturally downstream, mimicking the movement of real prey. When using lures, experiment with different retrieval speeds and motions. Coho salmon can be attracted by a variety of movements, from slow and steady to fast and erratic.